Carotenoids in the pulp and peel of bananas from 15 cultivars in two ripening stages


  • César Fernandes Aquino Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia
  • Luiz Carlos Chamhum Salomão Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Helena Maria Pinheiro-Sant'ana Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Sônia Machado Rocha Ribeiro Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Dalmo Lopes de Siqueira Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Paulo Roberto Cecon Universidade Federal de Viçosa


Musa spp., provitamin A, lutein, α-carotene, β-carotene.


           The current study aims to evaluate the occurrence and concentration of carotenoids in the pulp and peel of 14 banana and one plantain cultivars in two ripening stages. We analyzed the occurrence and content of lutein, α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, and lycopene – by high performance liquid chromatography with UV-visible detection, the content of total carotenoids by spectrophotometry. In the unripe pulp, the ‘Ouro’ cultivar stood out with lutein concentration 13 times higher than that of the ‘Marmelo’. As for α-carotene and β-carotene, ‘Terrinha’ plantain stood out with mean concentration of 1195.30 and 1126.11 μg (100 g MF)-1, respectively. Total carotenoids ranged from 159.66 to 2553.51 μg (100 g MF)-1 in ‘Caipira’ and ‘Terrinha’, respectively. In the ripe pulp there was 36% increase in the lutein content in comparison to the unripe pulp and there was 7.3 and 8.5% reduction in α-carotene and β-carotene levels, respectively. The total carotenoid concentration in the ripe pulp was 17% higher than that found in the unripe pulp. The unripe peel showed lutein predominance, although ‘Terrinha’ stood out with higher α-carotene and β-carotene concentrations than those found in the other cultivars. Lutein concentration hardly changed due to fruit ripening; however, there was slight reduction in α-carotene and β-carotene concentrations. 

Biografia do Autor

César Fernandes Aquino, Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia

Atualmente é Professor Adjunto na UFOB, Doutor em Fitotecnia (UFV), pós-doutor na UFV, mestradro e graduação (UFMG). . Atua nas seguintes linhas de pesquisas: Fisiologia pós-colheita de frutas, compostos fenólicos, potencial antioxidande de frutas, propagação de plantas, uso de extratos e óleos essenciais de plantas no manejo de patologias pós-colheita de frutas.

Luiz Carlos Chamhum Salomão, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Professor Titular do Departamento de Fitotecnia/Setor de Fruticultura.

Helena Maria Pinheiro-Sant'ana, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Nutricionista, Professora do Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde.

Sônia Machado Rocha Ribeiro, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Nutricionista, Professora aposentada do Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde.

Dalmo Lopes de Siqueira, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Professor Titular do Departamento de Fitotecnia/Setor de Fruticultura.

Paulo Roberto Cecon, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Professor Titular do Departamento de Estatística.


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